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Lucius Verus A.D. 161—169
 
2419
A.D. 162/163
Æ drachm (18.97 gm).
Dattari 3785. Milne 2458 var. (drl and cuir. bust). BMC —.
Obv: Bare headed, draped bust of Lucius Verus r.

Rev: Tyche reclining l. on garlanded couch, holding rudder and raising hand to hd., date LΓ in upper l. field.

Note: The type of Fortuna Redux was employed in the Rome coinage of Lucius Verus in A.D. 162 and in the earlier half of 163, expressing the hope for his safe return from his eastern campaigns. Alexandria had no sharply characterized Tyche type equivalent to Fortuna Redux, but more generalized Tyche types appeared on the Romano-Egyptian coinage for regnal years 2 through 4, to be displaced by various types symbolizing victories won beginning in year 5. The present type depicts Tyche reclining at a lectisternium or feast of the gods.
 
2420
A.D. 163/164
Billon tetradrachm (13.05 gm).
 Dattari —. Milne —. Vogt —, but cf. F2028B (M. Aurelius).
Obv: Bare-headed, dr. and cuir. bust of Lucius Verus r., viewed from behind.
Rev: Bust of Athena r., wearing crested helmet and aegis, date Δ (arranged vertically) in r. field.
Note: Minerva was one of the types of the Rome denarii, sestertii, and dupondii of Marcus Aurelius issued March-July A.D. 164. She reappeared on his Rome coinage in A.D. 168, on dupondii and asses, but was never employed at Rome for Verus. At Alexandria Minerva's equivalent Athena appears contemporaneously on coins of both emperors, in year 4 on tetradrachms and in year 8 on bronze diobols. The crossover of types associated with one of the coemperors at Rome to his colleague at Alexandria seems to be a typical feature of the coinage of this reign.
 
2421  A.D. 163/164
Billon tetradrachm (13.41 gm).
Dattari 3664 var. (dr. l. shoulder). Milne 2481 var. different bust and legend, date LΔ. BMC 1360 var. (bust with aegis).
Obv: Laur. and dr. bust of Lucius Verus r.
Rev: Nike advancing r., holding wreath in both hands, date ΔL in front.
Note: Victory types first appear on the Rome coinage of Aurelius and Verus in March-July A.D. 164, celebrating Verus' Armenian victories. At Alexandria they are in evidence as early as year 2, which began only six months after the accession of the coemperors.
 
2422 A.D. 163/164
Æ drachm (23.27 gm).
Dattari 3759 var. (l. foot on rock, date horizontal). Milne 2499 var. (drapery on Poseidon's thigh).
Obv: Laureate head of Lucius Verus r. with dr. l. shoulder.
Rev: Poseidon stg. l., holding dolphin and trident, resting r. foot on rock, date LΔ in l. field.
 
2423
A.D. 165/166
Æ drachm (18.23 gm).
Dattari 3780. Milne 2545 var. (CΗΜΑCΙΑ in two lines). BMC 1381 var. (CΗΜΑCΙΑ in two lines, palm misdescribed as whip).
Obv: Laureate head of Lucius Verus r. with dr. l. shoulder.
Rev: CΗΜΑCΙΑ, Semasia on horse galloping l., wearing elephant headdress and holding palm, date Lς, in upper r. field.
Note: Semasia, a purely Alexandrian type, here makes her first appearance on the coinage. The name derives from a word for "signal" and must mean an announcement of important news, probably the report of Verus' Parthian victories.
 
Lucilla daughter of Marcus Aurelius and wife of Lucius Verus
2424

A.D. 166/167

Billon tetradrachm (12.49 gm).
Dattari 3817. Milne —. BMC 1391. Curtis 781A.
Obv: Draped bust of Lucilla r.
Rev: Tyche, wearing modius, reclining l. on garlanded couch, holding rudder and raising l. hand to head, above date LΖ.
Note: Fortuna, the Latin equivalent of Tyche, was never employed on the Rome coinage of Lucilla.
 
Commodus A.D. 177-192
 
2425
 A.D. 189/190
Potin tetradrachm (13.22 gm).
Dattari 3884. Milne 2964. BMC 1422. Curtis 850.
Obv: Laureate head of Commodus r.
Rev: Elpis advancing l., holding flower and lifting skirt, date LΛ across field.
Note: Elpis is the Hellenic equivalent of Spes. As with the preceding lot, we have here a personification that does not appear at all on the Rome coinage of Commodus' reign as sole emperor. At Alexandria Elpis appears at the beginning of the reign, as might be expected, and not again until this year. Possibly the type alludes to the vota undertaken on the occasion of the emperor's tricennalia. This great occasion was commemorated on his Rome coinage for the most part obliquely, through the addition of the epithet Felix to various standard personifications.
 
2426
A.D. 189/190
Potin tetradrachm (11.96 gm).
Dattari 3884 pl. xii. Milne 2964. BMC 1422. Curtis 850.
Obv: Laureate head of Commodus r.
Rev: Sarapis as fountain god standing three quarters l., wearing modius and holding patera, tohis r. lion's head water spout pouring water into lebes-fountain, date L—Λ across upper field.
 
Crispina wife of Commodus
2427  A.D. 182/183
 Æ hemidrachm (11.27 gm)
Dattari —. Milne —. BMC —.
Obv: Draped bust of Crispina r.
Rev: Uncertain deity or personification standing three quarters l., raising hand (possibly with attribute) and holding transverse sceptre, date [L]ΚΒ across field.
Note: The figure on the reverse of this coin appears to be turreted, which would plausibly identify her as Alexandria, whose iconography did include a version based on the City Tyche type of Asia Minor. Personifications already recorded for the bronze of Crispina include Eirene, holding grain and caduceus, for year 10; Moneta, holding scales and sceptre, for year 11 (see Dattari 3969 and 3972); and Tyche, for year 21 (see Cologne 2262-2263). Commodus employed a figure with the pose of the present reverse in his year 30, explicitly labelled as Pronoia, probably too assertive a type for an empress, and in any case far removed in time from the issue offered here.
 
Septimius Severus A.D. 193-211
2482  A.D. 195/196
Potin tetradrachm (13.15 gm.)
Dattari —. Milne —. BMC 1458. Curtis X-906 var. (Tyche wears modius).
Obv: Laureate head of Septimius Severus r.
Rev: Tyche enthroned l., holding rudder and cornucopiae, date LΔ in field.
Note: Fortuna was a favorite type of Severus in the early years of his reign, appearing on his Rome coinage in every year from A.D. 194 to 200 and again in A.D. 203. At Alexandria she is a regular feature of the potin tetradrachms from years 2 through 6. The Rome versions are usually identified as Fortuna Redux, indicating that the type expresses the hope of the emperor's safe return from the constant military campaigns of these years. As in the earlier case of Lucius Verus (see lot 2419 above), the Alexandria mint employed only a generalized Tyche type.
 
2429  A.D. 199/200
Potin tetradrachm (13.37 gm.) Dattari —. Milne —. BMC —. Curtis —.
Obv: Laureate head of Septimius Severus r.
Rev: Draped bust of Julia Domna, date L—Η in front.
Note: This issue, with it's reverse portrait of Julia Domna, slightly anticipates the great burst of dynastic coinage at Rome in A.D. 201 and 202, which also employed many double portraits in various combinations. Milne was apparently in error in listing the empress as a reverse type of year 7 (see Milne, p. lxi and Christiansen, The Roman Coins of Alexandria (Åarhus, 1987), p. 271).
 
Julia Domna wife of Septimius Severus and mother of Caracalla
2430 A.D. 215/216
Potin tetradrachm (12.85 gm.) Dattari —. Milne —. Cf. BMC 1471 and Curtis X-927 (date LΚΓ).
Obv: Draped bust of Julia Domna r.
Rev: Aphrodite enthroned three quarters r., holding mirror and arranging hair, date L—ΚΔ across field.
Note: Venus Genetrix was added to the repertory of Domna's Rome reverse types in A.D. 215, and became her sole type for 216 and 217. As in the case of Severus' Fortuna Redux (see lot 2428 above), the Alexandrian equivalent is not as sharply characterized as the Rome version.
 
Caracalla A.D. 198-217  
2431 A.D. 200/201
Potin tetradrachm (12.32 gm)
Dattari 4044, pl. iv, this coin. Milne —. BMC —. Curtis X-920.
Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla r., viewed from behind.
Rev: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Geta r., viewed from behind., date LGREEK in front.
Note: This coin, like the double portrait coin of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna above (see lot 2429), reflects the important dynastic coinage produced at Rome in A.D. 201 and 202.
 
2432 A.D. 211/212
Potin tetradrachm (12.02 gm) Dattari —. Milne —. BMC —. Curtis —.
Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla r., viewed from behind.
Rev: Emperor, togate, on l., holding transverse sceptre and receiving globe from Zeus who stands on r., also holding transverse sceptre, date L Θ in field.
 
Geta as caesar A.D. 198-209  
2433 A.D. 201/202
Æ drachm (15.45 gm) Dattari —. Milne —. BMC —. Curtis —.
Obv: Bare headed, cuir. bust of Geta r.
Rev: Caracalla, veiled and togate, stg. three quarters l., holding patera and sceptre, date LΙ in left field.
Note: This exceedingly interesting coin conflates two themes of the Rome coinage of A.D. 202, dynastic pairings and the sacrificial types used to advertise the vota suscepta for Severus' decennalian year.
 
2434 A.D. 202/203
Potin tetradrachm (12.38 gm) Dattari 4080 var. (eagle stands on thunderbolt, date Θ). Milne 2724 var. (date Θ). BMC —. Curtis —.
Obv: Bare headed, cuir. bust of Geta r.
Rev: Eagle standing three quarters r., head l., wreath in beak, date LΙΑ across field..
 
Elagabalus A.D. 218-222  
2435 A.D. 219/220
Potin tetradrachm (12.60 gm) Dattari 4104. Milne 2768. BMC —. Curtis 946.
Obv: Laureate head of Elagabalus r.
Rev: Draped bust of Athena r., wearing triple-crested Attic helmet ornamented with griffin at front of crest, date LΙΓ in r. field.
Note: Minerva, the Roman equivalent of Athena, never appeared on the Rome coinage of Elagabalus. Yet Athena was a preferred type of the Alexandrian coinage of this reign, appearing every year on the tetradrachms, usually in two different representations. She was furthermore associated with other members of the imperial family including several empresses (see lots 248, 2440, 244, and 2444 below), though at Rome Minerva was considered a masculine type.
 
Julia Paula wife of Elagabalus  
2436 A.D. 219/220
Potin tetradrachm (13.20 gm) Dattari 4160. Milne 2788. BMC 1532. Curtis 1005.
Obv: Draped bust of Julia Paula r.
Rev: Draped bust of Alexandria l., wearing laureate and turreted cap with brim, date LΓ across field.
Note: This portrayal of Alexandria, with its turreted crown representing city walls, derives ultimately from the iconography of the City Tyches of Asia Minor. The attractive combination of the mural crown with a soft cap is a local flourish and marks the type as a late variant.
 
Aquilia Severa wife of Elagabalus
2437 A.D. 220/221
Potin tetradrachm (12.51 gm) Dattari 4187. Milne —. BMC —. Curtis —.
Obv: Draped bust of Aquilia Severa r.
Rev: Eagle with wings spread standing three-quarters r., wreath in beak, date LΔ in upper left field.
 
Annia Faustina wife of Elagabalus
2438 A.D. 221/222
Potin tetradrachm (13.06 gm) Dattari 4192. Milne 2837. BMC 1550. Curtis —.
Obv: Draped bust of Aquilia Severa r.
Rev: Athena standing three quarters l., holding Nike and resting hand on shield, date LΕ in lower left field.
 
2439 A.D. 221/222
Potin tetradrachm (11.73 gm) Dattari 4196. Milne 2863. BMC —. Curtis 1026A.
Obv: Draped bust of Aquilia Severa r.
Rev: Nilus reclining l., holding reed and cornucopiae, many genii around, obelisk (Nilometer) in background, date LΕ in exergue.
Note: This depiction of Nilus includes an obelisk representing the Nilometer, a monument recording the depth of the annual innundations.
 
Julia Soaemias mother of Elagabalus
2440 A.D. 221/222
Potin tetradrachm (12.43 gm) Dattari 4205, this coin. Milne 2838. BMC 199-200. Curtis 1031.
Obv: Draped bust of Julia Soaemias r.
Rev: Athena standing three quarters l., holding Nike and resting left hand on shield, date LΕ in left field.
 
Julia Maesa grandmother of Elagabalus and Severus Alexander
2441 A.D. 219/220
Potin tetradrachm (10.99 gm) Dattari 4223v (isis bares breast). Milne 2782. BMC 1575.
Obv: Draped bust of Julia Maesa r.
Rev: Draped bust of Isis left., wearing headdress of disc between feathers, date L Γ across field.
 
2442 A.D. 221/221  
Potin tetradrachm (13.70 gm) Cf. Dattari 4236 (date LΔ). Milne —. BMC —. Curtis —.
Obv: Draped bust of Julia Maesa r.
Rev: Eagle standing three quarters l., head reverted, wreath in beak, date L Ε across field.
 
Severus Alexander as Caesar, A.D. 221-222
2443 A.D. 221/222
Potin tetradrachm (12.06 gm) Dattari 4240. Milne 2834. BMC 1582. Curtis 1038.
Obv: Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Severus Alexander r., viewed from front.
Rev: Draped bust of Athena r., wearing crested Corinthian helmet with griffin device at front of crest, date L Ε in r. field.
 
2444 A.D. 221/222
Potin tetradrachm (12.86 gm) Dattari 4241. Milne 2839. BMC 1583. Curtis 1039.
Obv: Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Severus Alexander r., viewed from front.
Rev: Athena standing three quarters l., holding Nike and resting l., hand on shield, date L Ε in left field.
 
Severus Alexander A.D. 222-235
2445 A.D. 225/226
Potin tetradrachm (13.12 gm) Dattari 4252. Milne 2977v (no break in rev. legend. BMC 1717. Curtis 1075.
Obv: Laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Severus Alexander r., viewed from behind.
Rev: Draped bust of Julia Mamaea r., wearing stephane, date L ΠΕΜΠΤΟΥ.
Note: The double portrait coinage featuring the emperor and his mother was introduced in his fourth regnal year and continued through the eighth. This corresponds roughly with a period of increased emphasis on Mamaea at Rome: in A.D. 224 she received a second officina at the mint; in A.D. 225 a silver medallion for the marriage of Severus Alexander and Orbiana featured a portrait of Mamaea on the obverse, with busts of the imperial couple on the reverse; and in A.D. 226 special medallion, this time of bronze, paired the busts of Alexander and Mamaea with an architectural reverse.
 
2446 A.D. 230/231
Æ drachm (17.68 gm). Dattari 4420v (attributes reversed, shield on ground). Milne —. BMC —. Cologne —.
Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Severus Alexander r.
Rev: Ares standing three quarters l., holding spear and parazonium, large palm branch in left field, date LΙ in r. field.
Note: Severus Alexander revived the defunct bronze drachm issue for his tenth year, evidently as a special denomination to commemorate his decennalia. The palm branch, a symbol of victory, marks the coins of the decennalian year, just as a wreath or Victoria herself was associated with imperial anniversaries on the Rome coinage. One striking difference, however, is that the palm branch was retained on the subsequent coinage of the reign. Ares, who had not appeared previously on the Alexandrian coinage of this reign, would appear to correspond to the Mars Ultor type introduced on the Rom coinage in A.D. 231 at the outset of the Persian war.
 
2447 A.D. 231/232
Potin tetradrachm (13.14 gm). Dattari 4311. Milne 3069. BMC 1625. Curtis —.
Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Severus Alexander r., viewed from behind.
Rev: Homonoia standing three quarters l., raising r. hand and holding double cornucopiae, larger palm branch in left field, date LΙΑ in r. field.
 Note: Homonoia was one of the regular types for the Alexandrian coinage of this reign; Milne recorded her for years 3-6 and 9-13. At Rome her equivalent Concordia was restricted to emissions associated with the imperial marriage. However evidence of the coordination of the imperial coinage may perhaps be seen in the appearance of Concordia on the coinage of Severus' Syrian mint in A.D. 223, contemporaneously with her debut at Alexandria. The eastern mint ceased operations immediately after the issue in question, eliminating the possibility of an extended parallel.
 
 2448 A.D. 234/235
Potin tetradrachm (11.99 gm). Dattari 4304 (bust viewed from behind, date LΙ). Milne 317. BMC 1600. Curtis X-1068.
Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Severus Alexander r., viewed from front.
Rev: Jugate busts of Helios, radiate and dreaped, and Selene, draped and wearing crescent headdress, large palm branch in r. field, date LΙΔ behind heads.
Note: Helios, or Helios and Selene, appeared annually on the Alexandrian coinage from Severus' ninth through twelfth regnal years, and again in the fourteenth, corresponding to A.D. 229/230-A.D. 232/233 and A.D. 234/235. Sol, the Roman equivilant of Helios, was a regular type of the Rome coinage from A.D. 230 to the end of the reign. Sol certainly represents the East in allusion to the Persian war. It is quite likely that Helios had similar connotations, through his significance on the Alexandrian coinage was doubtless not so narrow as that of Sol at Rome.
 
2449 A.D. 234/235
Potin tetradrachm (13.30 gm).

Dattari 4418, pl. xxxii. Milne 3180v (obv. leg.). BMC —. Curtis —, but cf. 1107 (LΑ).

Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Severus Alexander r., viewed from front.
Rev: She-wolf standing r., suckling twins, large palm branch above, date LΙΔ in exergue.
Note: A familiar symbol of Rome's foundation legend, the she-wolf suckling Romulus and Remus was never employed as a type of Severus Alexander's Rome coinage.
 
Orbiana wife of Severus Alexander
2450 A.D. 226/227
Potin tetradrachm (11.53 gm).
Dattari 4451. Milne 2996. BMC —. Curtis —. Cologne —.

Obv: Draped bust of Orbiana r., wearing stephane.

Rev: Draped bust of Sarapis r., wearing modius, date L—ς across field.
Note: The Agathodaemon serpent was a good luck spirit sacred to Sarapis. Every Egyptian town had its own Agathodaemon, worshipped under a special name.
 
Julia Mamaea mother of Severus Alexander
2451 A.D. 230/231
Potin tetradrachm (12.63 gm).
Dattari 4462, pl. viii. Milne —. BMC 1756, pl. xxiv. Curtis —, but cf. 1120 (LΙΓ).
Obv: Draped bust of Julia Mamaea r., wearing stephane.
Rev: Alexandria standing facing, head l., wearing elephant headdress, raising r. hand and holding grain stalks in l., large palm branch in left field, date L—Ι across field.
Note: The palm branch denoting the achievement of the emperor's decennalia attaches to the coinage of the emperess-mother as well.
 
2452 A.D. 231/232
Potin tetradrachm (11.46 gm).
Dattari 4528. Milne 3081. BMC 1749, pl. xiii. Curtis 1135.
Obv: Draped bust of Julia Mamaea r., wearing stephane.
Rev: Sarapis enthroned l., holding patera and sceptre, Cerberus at this feet, large palm branch in r. field, date L ΙΑ in upper left field.
 
2453 A.D. 232/233
Potin tetradrachm (12.95 gm). Dattari 4522. Milne 3115. BMC 1743. Curtis 1140.
Obv: Draped bust of Julia Mamaea r., wearing stephane.
Rev: Tyche, wearing modius, standing three quarters l., holding rudder and cornucopiae, date LΙΒ in upper left field, large palm branch in r. field.
Note: Tyche was a favorite type of the Alexandrian coinage of this reign, appearing in nearly every year. Thus this Tyche has no connection with the Fortuna Redux type which appeared on the Rome coinage of Severus Alexander in A.D. 231, marking his departure for the Persian war.
 
2454 A.D. 233/234
Potin tetradrachm (12.99 gm). Dattari 4466. Milne 3139. BMC —, but cf. 1732 (LΙΔ). Curtis 1121.
Obv: Draped bust of Julia Mamaea r., wearing stephane.
Rev: Asclepius standing three quarters l., holding patera over lighted altar and resting on serpent staff, large palm branch in r. field, date LΙΓ in upper left field.
 
Maximinus I A.D. 235-238
2455
A.D. 235/236
Potin tetradrachm (13.67 gm). Dattari 4561. Milne 3213. BMC 1807. Curtis 1155.
Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Maximinus r., viewed from behind.
Rev: Emperor on horseback l., raising r. hand and holding transverse sceptre, date L Β across field.
Note: This is a puzzling type choice, for the emperor on horseback raising his hand in greeting usually commemorates an imperial visit. Needless to say, Maximinus never visited Egypt and indeed did not even approach rome until the rebellious Senate elevated Balbinus and Pupienus to the purple in A.D. 238.
 
2456 A.D. 235/236
Potin tetradrachm (10.92 gm). Dattari 4571. Milne 3201. BMC —. Curtis 1154.
Obv: Laureate and draped bust of Maximinus r., viewed from behind.
Rev: Eirene Stg. three quarters l., holding olive branch and transverse sceptre, date L Β in left field.
Note: Eirene appeared on the Alexandrian coinage in Maximinus' first two regnal years, until August 30 of A.D. 236. At Rome, by contrast, Pax is a type belonging to the latter half of the reign, beginning late in A.D. 236 after the emperor's German victory.
 
2457 A.D. 235/236
Potin tetradrachm (12.81 gm).
Dattari 4595. Milne 3210. BMC 1795. Curtis —, but cf. 1175 (LΑ).
Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Maximinus r., viewed from behind.
Rev: Sarapis standing facing, head r., wearing modius and holding sceptre, date L Β across field.
 
2458 A.D. 236/237
Potin tetradrachm (12.00 gm).
Dattari 4600. Milne 3224. BMC 1174. Curtis —, but cf. 1178 (var. obv. legend, taenia lacking).
Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Maximinus r., viewed from behind.
Rev: Draped bust of Selene r., wearing taenia, large crescent in front, date LΓ behind.
 
2459 A.D. 236/237
Potin tetradrachm (12.33 gm). Dattari 4604v (obv. leg.). Milne 3242. BMC —. Curtis 1180.
Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Maximinus r., viewed from behind.
Rev: Tyche reclining left on couch, holding rudder and raising hand to head, date LΓ in upper left field.
 
2460 A.D. 237/238
Potin tetradrachm (12.66 gm). Dattari 4567v (obv. leg.). Milne 3270. BMC 1778. Curtis 1152.
Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Maximinus r.
Rev: Athena standing facing, head l., resting r. hand on spear and left on shield, date L—Δ across field.
 
Maximus Caesar, A.D. 235-238
2461 A.D. 235/236
Potin tetradrachm (11.92 gm).
Dattari 4639. Milne 3208. BMC —. Curtis —. Cologne —.
Obv: Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Maximus r., viewed from front.
Rev: Bust of Sarapis l., wearing modius, sceptre behind, date LΒ in l. field.
 
2462 A.D. 236/237  
Potin tetradrachm (13.72 gm).
Dattari 4617v (obv. leg.). Milne 3232. BMC —. Curtis —.
Obv: Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Maximus r., viewed from front.
Rev: Bust of Athena r., wearing aegis and triple-crested Attic helmet with griffin on bowl and four hourse foreparts over visor, date LΓ in front.
 
Gordian I A.D. 238
2463 A.D. 238
Potin tetradrachm (13.38 gm). Dattari 4656. Milne 3296. BMC 1826. Curtis 1199.
Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian I r., viewed from front.
Rev: Athena standing three quarters left on arms, holding Nike and resting left hand on spear, date LΑ in left field.
 
2464 A.D. 238
Potin tetradrachm (12.88 gm).
Dattari 4658, pl. xviii (misdescribed with rev. type r.). Milne —. BMC —. Curtis —.
Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian I r., viewed from front.
Rev: Nike standing three quarters l., holding wreath and palm, date LΑ in left field.
 
2465 A.D. 238
Potin tetradrachm (12.06 gm). Dattari 4662. Milne 3300. BMC 1829. Curtis 1210.
Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian I r., viewed from front.
Rev: Tyche standing three quarters l., holding rudder and cornucopiae, date LΑ in upper left field.
 
2466 A.D. 238
Potin tetradrachm (11.83 gm). Dattari 4663. Milne 3293. BMC 1824. Curtis X-1211.
Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian I r., viewed from front.
Rev: Zeus enthroned l., holding patera and sceptre, at his feet eagle l., head reverted, date LΑ in upper left field.
 
Gordian II A.D. 238
2467 A.D. 238  
Potin tetradrachm (10.63 gm). Dattari 4670. Cf. Milne 3303 (Gordian I). BMC —. Curtis —.
Obv:Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian I r., viewed from behind.
Rev: Eagle standing three quarters l., head reverted, wreath in beak, date L—Α across field.
 
Balbinus A.D. 238
2468 A.D. 238
Potin tetradrachm (11.03 gm). Dattari 4680. Milne —. BMC 1841. Curtis 1214.
Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Balbinus r., viewed from front.
Rev: Athena standing facing, head l., resting r. hand on spear and left on shield, date L—Α across field.
 
2469 A.D. 238
Potin tetradrachm (11.74 gm). Dattari 4682v (obv. leg.). Milne 3307. BMC 1842. Curtis X-1213.
Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Balbinus r., viewed from front.
Rev: Athena standing three quarters l., holding Nike and spear, round shield propped against seat, date LΑ in left field.
 
2470 A.D. 135/136
Potin tetradrachm (11.74 gm).
Dattari 4684. Milne 3312. BMC 1843v (rev. leg.). Curtis 1219.
Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Balbinus r., viewed from front.
Rev: Nike advancing three quarters l., holding wreath and palm, date LΑ in left field.
 
Pupienus A.D. 238
2471 A.D. 238
Potin tetradrachm (11.92 gm).
Dattari 4679v (rev. leg.). Milne 3318. BMC 1839v (rev. leg.). Curtis 1224v (rev. leg.).
Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Pupienus r., viewed from behind.
Rev: Eagle standing three quarters l., head r., wreath in beak, date L—Α across field.
 
2472 A.D. 238
Potin tetradrachm (12.23 gm). Dattari 4673. Cf. Milne 3315 (Gordian Caesar). BMC —. Curtis —. 
Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Pupienus r.
Rev: Nike standing three quarters l., holding wreath, date LΑ in left field.
 
Gordian III as Caesar  
2473 A.D. 238
Potin tetradrachm (11.73 gm). Dattari 4693v (rev. leg.). Milne 3311. BMC 1850. Curtis 1232v (rev. leg.)
Obv: Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III r.
Rev: Homonoia standing three quarters l., raising hand and holding double cornucopiae, date LΑ in left field.
Note: Although the type of Homonoia might appear to speak to the collegial principate, in fact it had become conventional, appearing almost annually from the reign of Severus Alexander on.
 
Gordian III 238-244
2474 A.D. 238/239
Potin tetradrachm (13.74 gm).
Dattari 4805v (rev. leg.). Milne 3346. BMC 1907. Curtis 1251v (rev. leg.).
Obv: Laureate , draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III r., viewed from behind.
Rev: Eagle standing three quarters l., head reverted, wreath in beak, date L—Α across field.
 
2475 A.D. 239/240
Potin tetradrachm (13.89 gm).
Dattari 4802v (rev. leg.). Milne 3368. BMC 1914v (rev. leg.). Curtis 1299v (rev. leg.).
Obv: Laureate , draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III r., viewed from front.
Rev: Trophy flanked by seated captives, date L—Γ across field.
Note: The trophy type may commemorate the suppression of the African rebellion in A.D. 240. The type was repeated in the following two regnal years, and the allusion may have shifted to Gordian's Persian campaign. However it is also possible that the type has no topical significance, but merely serves to honor the military in a general way, as did the Roman Fides Militum and Concordia Militum types.
 
2476 A.D. 240/241
Potin tetradrachm (13.41 gm).
Dattari 4712v (rev. leg.). Milne 3375. BMC 1864. Curtis X-1241.
Obv: Laureate , draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III r., viewed from behind.
Rev: Athena standing three quarters left on arms, holding Nike and resting left hand on spear, date LΔ in left field.

 

 

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